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Vol. 55. Num. 3.
Pages 117-180 (March 2019)
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Vol. 55. Num. 3.
Pages 117-180 (March 2019)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.arbr.2018.12.019
Is There an Association Between the Degree of Nicotine Dependence and the Motivation to Stop Smoking?
¿Existe asociación entre el grado de dependencia por la nicotina y la motivación para dejar de fumar?
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José Ignacio de Granda-Orivea,
Corresponding author
igo01m@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, José Francisco Pascual-Lledób, Santos Asensio-Sánchezb, Segismundo Solano-Reinac, Marcos García-Ruedad, Manuel Ángel Martínez-Muñize, Lourdes Lázaro-Aseguradof, Daniel Bujulbasichg, Rogelio Pendinog, Susana Luhningh, Isabel Cienfuegos-Agustína, Carlos A. Jiménez-Ruizi
a Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
b Servicio de Neumología, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
c Servicio de Neumología, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain
d Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Carlos Haya de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
e Servicio de Neumología, Hospital San Agustín, Avilés, Asturias, Spain
f Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario de Burgos, Burgos, Spain
g Servicio de Neumología, Sanatorio Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Centro Médico IPAM, Rosario, Argentina
h Instituto Médico Humana, Centro Asistencial de Consulta Externa, Córdoba, Argentina
i Unidad Especializada de Tabaquismo de la Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
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Statistics
Figures (2)
Tables (5)
Table 1. Mean Values of Quantitative Variables for the Overall Series and by Sex, and Comparison Between Men and Women.
Table 2. Frequency Distribution of Qualitative Variables for the Overall Series and by Sex, and Comparison Between Men and Women.
Table 3. Correlation Coefficients Between the Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependency and Various Tests of Motivation to Quit Smoking.
Table 4. Estimates of the Regression Coefficients of the Linear Regressions Between the Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependency and Tests of Motivation to Quit Smoking, With Statistically Significant Correlation.
Table 5. Multiple Linear Regression Analysis Between the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependency Variable and the Motivation to Quit Smoking Measured by Various Tests.
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Abstract
Objective

To evaluate the association between degrees of nicotine dependence measured by the Fagerström test (FTCD) and different tests of motivation to stop smoking.

Material and methods

Observational study, multicenter conducted in smoking clinics in daily clinical practice. Demographics, smoking status, FTCD scores, and motivation test results were collected: Richmond test (TR), Henri Mondor Paris motivation test (HMP), Khimji–Watts test (KW), and the visual analog scale of motivation to stop smoking. The statistical analysis was descriptive, and correlation and analysis tests and regression models were used.

Results

A total of 314 subjects were included [162 women (51.59%)]. Males smoked an average of 3.3 cigarettes/day more than women (95% CI: 0.9–5.6 cigarettes/day, P=0.006) and their cumulative consumption was 7.8 pack-years higher than in women (95% CI: 2.1–13.5 pack-years). We found no association between FTCD and the motivation tests to stop smoking used in this study.

Conclusions

We found no association between the degree of dependence and the motivation to quit smoking measured by the aforementioned instruments.

Keywords:
Tobacco dependence
Smoking
Scales
Epidemiology
Motivation
Resumen
Objetivo

Evaluar la existencia de asociación entre el grado de dependencia por la nicotina medido por el test de Fagerström (FTCD) y diferentes test de motivación para dejar de fumar.

Material y métodos

Estudio observacional y multicéntrico realizado en consultas de tabaquismo en la práctica clínica diaria. Se recogieron variables demográficas, de estatus de fumador y las puntuaciones del FTCD y los test de motivación: test de Richmond (TR), test motivacional Henri Mondor de París (HMP), test Khimji-Watts (KW) y la escala analógica visual de motivación para dejar de fumar. El análisis estadístico fue descriptivo y se utilizaron test de correlación y análisis y modelos de regresión.

Resultados

Fueron incluidos 314 sujetos (162 mujeres [51,59%]). Los varones fumaron en promedio 3,3cig/día más que las mujeres (IC95%: 0,9-5,6cig/día, p=0,006) y tuvieron un consumo acumulado superior a las mujeres en 7,8 años-paquete (IC95%: 2,1 a 13,5 años-paquete). No se encontró asociación entre el FTCD y los test de motivación para dejar de fumar empleados en este estudio.

Conclusiones

No hemos encontrado asociación entre el grado de dependencia y la motivación para dejar de fumar medidos por los instrumentos mencionados.

Palabras clave:
Tabaquismo
Hábito de fumar
Escalas
Epidemiología
Motivación

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