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Vol. 57. Issue 12.
Pages 770 (December 2021)
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Vol. 57. Issue 12.
Pages 770 (December 2021)
Clinical Image
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Right Vocal Cord Paralysis Due to Lymphatic Spread of Lung Cancer
Parálisis de cuerda vocal derecha por diseminación linfática de cáncer de pulmón
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Javier Navarro Estevaa,
Corresponding author
jnesteva7@hotmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Javier Travieso Betancorb, Jordi Freixinet Gilartc
a Neumología, Hospital Universitario Gran Canaria “Dr. Negrín”, Las Palmas de GC, Spain
b Medicina Nuclear, Hospitales Universitarios San Roque, Las Palmas de GC, Spain
c Cirugía Torácica, Hospital Universitario Gran Canaria “Dr. Negrín”, Las Palmas de GC, Spain
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A 50 year-old female smoker complained of recent onset hoarseness. The ENT physician diagnosed right vocal cord paralysis (RVCP) and ordered a chest X-ray (Fig. 1A), which was followed by CT, bronchoscopy, and CT-PET scan (Fig. 1B–F).

Fig. 1.

(A) Chest X-ray. Right apical solitary nodule and thickening of the right paratracheal stripe (arrows). (B) Endoscopic view of the larynx reveals RVCP. (C) CT-PET at the larynx. No uptake in the right vocal cord is compensated by hypermetabolism in the left one. (D) Chest CT, sagital view. A lower neck adenopathy (left arrow) lies just above the level of the first rib's (right arrow) trajectory (line). Therefore, it belongs to the 1R nodal station.1 (E) PET scan. Increased uptake of the radiotracer noted at 1R (arrow), 2R, 4R and 10R nodal stations. The lung nodule was also hypermetabolic (not shown). (F) CT-PET reveals hyperactivity in the right juxta thyroid adenopathy (1R).

(0.24MB).

Fine needle aspiration of the lower neck adenopathy yielded cells of adenocarcinoma, later confirmed by surgical biopsy. The invasion of the right recurrent laryngeal nerve by proliferation of neoplastic cells in lymph nodes at 1R and possibly 2R stations caused the RVCP and dysphonia. The lymphatic spread of lung cancer causing RVCP has been described, but it is seldom reported.2

References
[1]
A.H. El-Sherief, C.T. Lau, C.C. Wu, R.L. Drake, G.F. Abbott, T.W. Rice.
International association for the study of lung cancer (IASLC) lymph node map: radiologic review with CT illustration.
Radiographics, 34 (2014), pp. 1680-1691
[2]
S. Wha Song, B. Cho Jun, K. Jae Cho, S. Lee, Y. Joo Kim, S. Hee Park.
CT evaluation of vocal cord paralysis due to thoracic diseases: a 10-year retrospective study.
Yonsei Med J, 52 (2011), pp. 831-837
Copyright © 2021. SEPAR
Archivos de Bronconeumología

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