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Vol. 58. Issue 10.
Pages 717 (October 2022)
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Vol. 58. Issue 10.
Pages 717 (October 2022)
Clinical Image
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Hemoptysis and Thoracic Aortic Pseudoaneurysm
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Carlos Sánchez Villar
Corresponding author
carlos.uclm@gmail.com

Corresponding author.
, Raúl Godoy Mayoral, Javier Cruz Ruiz
Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Servicio de Neumología, Post code: 02006, Spain
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We report the case of a 66-year-old man with hypertension and poorly controlled diabetes who attended the emergency department for moderate hemoptysis (50ml), fever, persistent oppressive central chest pain radiating to the neck, and dyspnea at rest that had developed a few hours previously. He reported a 7-day history of chest pain and blood pressure of up to 200/120mmHg, along with dysphagia to solids in the last 72h. The chest X-ray showed extensive consolidation in the left upper lobe (LUL) with tracheal deviation toward the contralateral side. Emergency chest CT angiogram was requested, revealing a pseudoaneurysm of the aortic arch measuring approximately 4cm×3.5cm, with a 2cm tear in the left lateral aortic wall, an adjacent hematoma, and alveolar hemorrhage in the LUL (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1.

Chest X-ray image showing alveolar infiltrate in the LUL (A). Chest CT angiogram imaging showing ruptured pseudoaneurysm with alveolar hemorrhage in LUL (B). Reconstructed 3-dimensional image showing thoracic aorta with ruptured pseudoaneurysm (C).

(0.1MB).

Emergency surgery was performed to place an aortic endoprosthesis, but the patient died in the recovery room due to refractory hypovolemic shock associated with left hemothorax.

Thoracic aortic aneurysms are usually asymptomatic, although rupture may constitute a life-threatening emergency.1,2 In our case, onset occurred with hemoptysis and alveolar hemorrhage, and the patient was diagnosed using CT angiogram, although he subsequently died.

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References
[1]
E. Bernabeu, A. García-Valentín.
Aneurismas del arco aórtico, generalidades: epidemiología, manifestaciones clínicas y diagnóstico. Indicaciones de cirugía. Cirugía abierta.
Cir Cardiov, 22 (2015), pp. 253-257
[2]
F. Carrión Valero, E.M. Rodrídguez Castro, J. Marín Pardo.
Hemoptisis amenazante en el aneurisma de aorta. A propósito de un caso con supervivencia prolongada.
An Med Interna, 19 (2002), pp. 59-60
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Archivos de Bronconeumología

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