Archivos de Bronconeumología Archivos de Bronconeumología
Arch Bronconeumol 2017;53:519 - Vol. 53 Núm.9 DOI: 10.1016/j.arbres.2017.02.018
Clinical Image
Massive Retrosternal Goitre With Critical Tracheal Narrowing
Bocio retroesternal masivo con estrechamiento traqueal crítico
Marta Sousa, , Manuela Fernandes, Bárbara Rodrigues
Centro Hospitalar Tondela-Viseu, Viseu, Portugal

A 75 year-old man was referred to pulmonology for persistent episodes of dyspnoea, productive cough and wheezing lasting 5 years. He was treated with mucolytics, bronchodilators and corticosteroids, with no significant clinical improvement. On physical examination, bilateral wheezing with prolonged expiration were noted on pulmonary auscultation. A chest radiograph revealed an enlargement of the superior mediastinum with right deviation of the trachea (Fig. 1, Panel A, arrow). A chest computed tomography scan showed a multinodular diving goitre (Panel B, arrow), with compression and critical narrowing of tracheal lumen (Panel C, arrow). The patient underwent total thyroidectomy (Panel D, arrow). After surgery, complete resolution of respiratory symptoms was observed, with no tracheal sequelae. This case highlights the importance of including extrinsic airway compression in the differential diagnosis of persistent episodes of wheezing, as described in the literature.1 It is also interesting to note that respiratory symptoms usually resolve after surgery, and there is less risk of post-thyroidectomy tracheomalacia than previously thought.2

Fig. 1.
(0.25MB).

(A) Chest radiograph revealing an enlargement of the superior mediastinum with right deviation of the trachea, (B) Chest computed tomography scan showing a multinodular diving goitre, with compression and critical narrowing of the trachea (C). (D) Total thyroidectomy – resected goitre.

References
1
M.C. 1Mokoka,K. Ullah,D.R. Curran,T.M. O’Connor
Rare causes of persistent wheeze that mimic poorly controlled asthma
BMJ Case Rep, (2013), pp. 2013
2
J.M. Findlay,G.P. Sadler,H. Bridge,R. Mihai
Post-thyroidectomy tracheomalacia: minimal risk despite significant tracheal compression
Br J Anaesth, 106 (2011), pp. 903-906 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bja/aer062
Corresponding author. (Marta Sousa martadias.sousa@gmail.com)
Copyright © 2017. SEPAR
Arch Bronconeumol 2017;53:519 - Vol. 53 Núm.9 DOI: 10.1016/j.arbres.2017.02.018